While this task is advisable to be performed by an expert, we can guide you with certain guidelines that we will teach you in this article to interpret the Child’s drawings.
Drawings are a form of expression that the little ones have when trying to communicate their desires and feelings towards family, friends or even school, is their way of telling us what they feel about what surrounds them.
Here are some of the purely orientative guidelines, we begin by dividing certain characteristics based on a range of ages:
At 18 months
At this early age children still have rigid wrists and fingers, being able to move only the elbow draw straight lines in zig-zag, we can not talk about drawings yet.
A little before 2 years
Without any intention or planning, begin to make evident circular strokes, the wrist is already being articulated.
Between 2 and a half to 3
With scrawls they relate their drawings to objects and people. Already able to combine straight and circular lines.
From 3 to 5 years old
Already at this age range begin to manifest the drawings properly, the control of the path is greater due to the improvement of the oculomotor and joint capacity. The start and finish point of a line is more controlled.
The drawings are representative and the classic combination of circles and sticks for the human figure becomes evident.
5 to 8 years
As we advance in age the creations are becoming more stylized, with more details and more complex. Their graphic expressions are no longer static and begin to have actions and interactions, adding objects, animals or a group of people.
The details are made present and the images are more realistic with the incorporation of complements, physical details (nose, eyebrows, eyelashes, hair, ears).
Now we indicate some keys of importance that will serve you for the interpretation of the drawings.
Depending on the position of the drawing on the paper we can decipher the following:
Those that are located at the top of the sheet correspond to the intellect, the curiosity, the imagination.
Those at the bottom indicate needs that the child may have (physical and mental)
On the left side of the sheet they indicate that what they want to express is located in the past.
The right side is about the future.
In the center about the present, the present.
A sketch of large dimensions tells us that the child has some security, if they are small could indicate mistrust in himself or that he is a reflective child. He also says he needs little space to communicate what he feels.
A docile child will draw strokes without interruptions, while an insecure and impulsive child will draw strokes erased or cut.
A drawing made with the right pressure demonstrates enthusiasm and will. If the pressure is higher denotes aggressiveness, the more pressure more aggressiveness. And at lower pressure (loose stroke) indicates tiredness and little will.
The colors in the drawing
Drawings made with a single color indicate lack of will or laziness.
Depending on the color we can get different analyzes:
-Red: represents the vision, the active, the ardor.
-Yellow: this color communicate joy of living and curiosity.
-Orange: This color indicates the need for public and social contact, also denotes impatience.
-Blue: expresses peace and tranquility, is also related to friendliness.
-Green: sensitivity, certain maturity and intuition.
-Black: represents the unconscious.
-Brown: planning and security.
Remember that all this should be taken as an orientation, there are many professionals such as psychologists and psychiatrists who provide adequate attention on this topic. With a specialist in this field you will have a more complete and comprehensive vision , and will be able to inform you more precisely what the child feels and wants to express with his drawings. Clear your doubts! We invite you to consult an expert and receive the help you need.